Ring of the Dove


Ibn Hazm al-Andalusī – On the Nature of Love

… Allah Himself says, “It is He that created you of one soul, and fashioned thereof its spouse, that he might find repose in her” (Koran VII I8g). Be it noted that the reason God assigns for man’s reposing in woman is that she was made out of him.

We therefore conclude that Love is something within the soul itself.

…Love, as we know, is of various kinds.

The noblest sort, of Love is that which exists between persons who love each other in God either because of an identical zeal for the righteous work upon which they are engaged, or as the result of a harmony in sectarian belief and principles, or by virtue of a common possession of some noble knowledge.

Next to this is the love, which springs from kinship;

then the love of familiarity and the sharing of identical aims;

the love of comradeship and acquaintance;

the love, which is rooted in a benevolent regard for one’s fellow;

the love that results from coveting the loved one’s worldly elevation;

the love that is based upon a shared secret which both must conceal;

love for the sake of getting enjoyment and satisfying desire;

and passionate love, that has no other cause but that union of souls to which we have referred above.

The Messenger of Allah confirms this about the soul, through a story related by ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her): ‘A woman used to go to Quraysh and make them laugh. She came to Madinah and stayed with a woman who also made people laugh.

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allaah be upon him) said: With whom is So and so staying? She said: With So and so, who makes people laugh. He said: “Souls are like conscripted soldiers; those whom they recognize, they get along with, and those whom they do not recognize, they will not get along with.” ‘ (Sahih Al-Bukhari)



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